Conservancies in Nigeria
The conservancy is a ploy to conserve the declining biodiversity and habitat in Nigeria. One organization that has been in the fore-front of promotion and aiding conservation efforts is the Nigerian Conservation Foundation (NCF).
The following conservancies are in the business of conserving wildlife and habitat in Nigeria:
- Lekki Conservation Center.
A project by the Nigerian Conservation Foundation, and located on the Lekki peninsula side of Lagos, the conservation center is home to different flora and fauna. It is where you can watch the famous giant Tortoise, birds, gorillas, turtles, peacocks, crocodiles, snakes, etc. It also boasts of eye catching flora such as the mangrove. It has the longest canopy walkway in the forest, which takes you as close as you want with nature. It is best to visit during the dry seasons from November-March.
- Afi Mountain Wildlife Sanctuary.
Formerly part of the Afi forst reserve, the wildlife sanctuary is located in the Afi Mountains of Cross-River. The purpose it was created in the year 2000 was to protect the critically endangered Cross-River Gorillas, Drill, Nigerian-Cameroonian Chimpanzee, and the grey-necked Rockfowl. It is currently managed by the Cross-River State Forestry Commission. Cabins are made available for visitors visiting more than a day.
- Yankari Games Reserves.
This conservancy is managed by the Federal Government of Nigeria, and located in the Southern part of Sudan Savannah of Bauchi state. It features rolling hills, patches of grassland and the savannah. The park is an important sanctuary for over 50 species of mammals including African bush elephant, olive baboon, patas monkey, Tantalus monkey, roan antelope, western hartebeest, West African lion, African buffalo, waterbuck, bushbuck and hippopotamus. It is sad to note that there are only two lions, and one Leopard are reserved in the Yankari.
There are also over three hundred and fifty species of bird found in the Yankari, of which, one hundred and thirty are resident, fifty are Palearctic migrants and the rest are intra-African migrants that move locally within Nigeria. These birds include the saddle-billed stork, guinea fowl, grey hornbill, and the cattle egret. It is assumed that the white backed vulture has extirpated, as there have been no sightings in recent years.
- Borgu Game Reserve.
It is a wildlife conservancy located in Niger state and extends into Kwara state. It was amalgamated with the Zugurma game reserve, to form the Kainji Lake national park. The game reserve is made up of about sixteen miles of lakeshore, which has made large animals scarce from the reserve. However, there are elephants, Roan Antelope and Waterbuck. Both the Hippopotamus and the Nile crocodile have been observe d in the area of the reserve. In addition to protecting both habitat and wildlife, the Borgu games reserve is fast becoming a tourist attraction, with the installation of tourist facilities in the reserve.
- Edumanom Forest Reserve.
Located in the Niger Delta region of Nigerian, specifically Bayelsa state, the reserve is a freshwater swamp forest, which is currently under threat from expansion of oil palm plantations. It houses between five to ten small chimpanzee groups in the general area, probably with no more than 50 individuals. There used to be red capped Mangabeys, but they are thought to be extirpated now.